By Engineering Sydney / Aug 29, 2019

What Is Civil Engineering?

Quick summary

At Engineering Sydney, we are civil engineering experts and have worked on a huge range of civil projects.

At Engineering Sydney, we are civil engineering experts and have worked on a huge range of civil projects.

Civil engineering is the design and construction of public works, such as dams, bridges and other large infrastructure projects. This makes civil engineering one of the oldest branches of engineering dating back to when humans first began shaping the environment to suit their needs.

Back in these earlier times, engineers built simple structures such as walls, roads, bridges, and dams. They also dug wells, and organised irrigation ditches and trenches. As populations grew and societies evolved into cities, humans needed needed reliable sources of clean water, a network of streets and roadways for commerce and trade, the means to dispose of waste and a way to defend themselves.

Large ancient civil engineering projects that most people around the world know and recognise include the roads of the Roman Empire, the Great Wall of China and Mayan ruins at Copan, Palenque and Tikal. Similarly to ancient times, contemporary society is more likely to remember civil engineering projects, but not the names of the engineers who designed and built them. Great designs and examples of modern civil engineering include the Brooklyn Bridge (designed by John August Roebling and son Washington Roebling), the Hoover Dam (John L. Savage), the Panama Canal (John Frank Stevens) and the Golden Gate Bridge (Joseph Strauss and Charles Ellis).

What does a Civil Engineer actually do?

Civil Engineers are involved in a wide range of projects in todays contemporary society. Civil engineers “design, construct, supervise, operate and maintain large construction projects and systems, including roads, buildings, airports, tunnels, dams, bridges, and systems for water supply and sewage treatment,” according to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS).

Civil engineers may conduct or write the specifications for destructive or nondestructive testing of the performance, reliability and long-term durability of materials and structures. In addition to this, civil engineers may also handle site preparation activities, such as excavation, earth moving and grading for large construction projects.

What makes a great Civil Engineer?

At Engineering Sydney, our engineers are fully qualified with over 20+ years experience working in the industry. We know that to be a successful and talented civil engineer you must have an in-depth understanding of physics, mathematics, geology and hydrology. In addition to this, we command a deep knowledge and understanding of the properties of a wide range of construction materials, such as concrete and structural steel, and the types and capabilities of construction machinery. With this knowledge, our engineers design structures that meet requirements for cost, safety, reliability, durability and energy efficiency.

As highly skilled civil engineers, we can be involved in nearly every stage of a major construction project. That can include site selection, writing specifications for processes and materials, reviewing bids from subcontractors, ensuring compliance with building codes, and supervising all phases of construction from grading and earth moving to painting and finishing. With the introduction of computer technology, civil engineers rely on computer-aided design (CAD) system that helps to speed up the drafting process and make it easy to modify designs and generate working blueprints for construction crews.


Engineering Sydney are your professional Civil & Structural Engineering Consultants. Based in Sydney, we have over 20+ years experience in working for major engineering firms. We know all the ins and outs of both residential and commercial sized engineering projects and can easily assist you whatever your project may be. To speak to an engineering expert today please feel free to contact us on: 0412 229 988